Armstrong as a radio ministry  that promoted a strict, minimalist doctrine. Armstrong prophesied that the world might end inobserved a Saturday Sabbath forbade medical interventions,  and often required three tithes. After a few years on the air, Armstrong had developed a small following, so the church started publishing a free magazine, The Plain Truthto supplement Armstrong's message in print for its radio audience. Within a few years of Armstrong's death inJoseph W.
TkachArmstrong's chosen successor, along with other leading ministers came to the conclusion that a great many of their doctrines were not biblical. As a result, many members and ministers left and formed other churches that conformed to many of the teachings of Armstrong.
Inthe church changed its name from The Worldwide Church of God to its current name. Armstrongwho in was ordained by the Oregon Conference of the Church of God Seventh-Dayan Adventist group, and began serving a congregation in Eugene, Oregon.
It was essentially a condensed church service on the air, with hymn singing featured along with Armstrong's message, and it was the launching point for what would become the Radio Church of God.
Inthe Church of God Seventh-Day split. Armstrong, who sided with the faction centered in Salem, West Virginiafell out with the local congregation over various doctrinal issues, especially his espousal of British Israelism.
Although his views were rejected by the local congregation, he gained a growing following of his own, chiefly through his World Tomorrow broadcasts and the Plain Truth magazine. Armstrong moved to Pasadena, California. To facilitate the work of the growing church, he incorporated it on March 3,as the Radio Church of God. InAmbassador College was founded in Pasadena by the church, and the campus served as the church's headquarters.The Worldwide Church of God Receivership
InArmstrong published the booklet in Prophecy! He explained that the book was written to contrast the spiritual condition of the world with the modern inventions that scientists were promising for the year In Armstrong criticized teachings that Christ would return in and that the church should flee to a "place of safety" inas no man knew the time of Christ's return Matthew and Armstrong wrote that could not possibly be the year of Christ's return.
Because of his strong emphasis on these prophetic dates, the church grew quickly in the late s and, on January 5,was renamed the Worldwide Church of God. Armstrong's son, Garner Ted Armstrongwho had been given the responsibility to host the radio and later the television version of The World Tomorrowwas formally disfellowshipped by his father in While church members were told at the time that the reason was Ted Armstrong's opposition to some of his father's teachings, Ted Armstrong later admitted that the actual reason was his relationships with many women.
Herbert Armstrong, who resumed the broadcasting duties of The World Tomorrow program, did not reconcile with Ted before his death. Armstrong was a strong, powerful speaker. He explained that those "called" by God, who believed the gospel of the Kingdom, and received God's Spirit upon full-immersion baptism, became part of the true, biblical, 'Church of God'.
Other churches with different doctrines, such as a three personage 'Trinity', were taught as being Satanic counterfeits. Ministers had the duty of responsibility to disfellowship any in their congregations who caused trouble or division. Any such disfellowshipments were announced at services, so the congregation as a whole became aware. Still the church grew on a worldwide scale.
Armstrong taught the biblical doctrine of tithing. Ten percent of a member's gross income was to be given to the church, then another ten percent was to be saved for personal expenditures incurred by attendance at the annual holy day celebration 'the Feast of Tabernacles'.Armstrong —an American newspaper advertising designer. Until the mids the church taught a non-Trinitarian theology, held Saturday worship services, and preached the imminent return of Jesus Christ.
He joined a branch of the Church of God Seventh Day that practiced Sabbatarianism Saturday worshipand soon afterward he adopted British Israelism, the notion that the Anglo-Saxon people are the descendants of the biblical Ten Lost Tribes of Israel.
In he established an independent radio ministry in EugeneOre. In Armstrong moved to PasadenaCalif. Along with British Israelism and anti-Trinitarianism, Armstrong also taught that members of his church should not vote, serve in the military, remarry after divorce, or celebrate ChristmasEasteror birthdays. In the s he established a television ministry, The World Tomorrow, which specialized in biblical interpretations of contemporary events and featured his son, Garner Ted Armstrong.
Although Herbert Armstrong offered the magazine and all of his teaching literature for free, he accepted donations and expected his followers to pay a tithe for the general support of the church.
Problems plagued the church during the s. Garner Ted Armstrong left the church after being accused of sexual immorality. Church ministers advocated an easing of strict dietary rules and fiercely debated the question of marriage after divorce. Authorities in California briefly turned the church over to a receiver following accusations of financial mismanagement, and critics branded it a cult. Tkach began to move the church toward mainstream Christianitya process that his son and successor, Joseph Tkach, Jr.
After adopting orthodox Christian beliefs, the church was admitted to the National Association of Evangelicals in In the early 21st century the church claimed some 64, members in 90 countries around the world.
Worldwide Church of God. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Author of La Chiesa See Article History. Britannica Quiz. World Organizations: Fact or Fiction? Communist countries may not join the United Nations. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today.
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Adventistmember of any one of a group of Protestant Christian churches that trace their origin to the United States in the midth century and that are distinguished by their emphasis on the belief that the personal, visible return of Christ in glory i.
He is regarded by most Christians as the Incarnation of God. The history of Christian reflection on the…. Sabbatarianismdoctrine of those Christians who believe that the Sabbath usually on Sundays should be observed in accordance with the Fourth Commandment, which forbids work on the Sabbath because it is a holy day see Ten Commandments.
Some other Christians have contended that the Fourth or Third in some systems …. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox!Herbert W. An early pioneer of radio and television evangelismArmstrong preached what he claimed was the comprehensive combination of doctrines in the entire Bible, in the light of the New Covenant scriptures, which he maintained to be the restored true Gospel.
Armstrong's teachings required observance of parts of the Mosaic Law including seventh-day Sabbathdietary prohibitions, and the covenant law " Holy Days ". He also proclaimed that behind contemporary world events loomed various Biblical prophecies, interpreted in light of British Israelism . As founder and head of the Ambassador International Cultural FoundationArmstrong and his advisers met with heads of governments in various nations, for which he described himself as an "ambassador without portfolio for world peace.
On a trip back home inhe met Loma Dillon, a school teacher and distant cousin from nearby Motor, Iowa. Within a month or two after their marriage, weeks after the USA had entered the first World War Loma had an unusual dream or vision. She was with Herbert, at an road intersection, where she saw in the sky, a banner of dazzling stars, appearing then vanishing twice-over. She was happy, but sad for others, and thought she was witnessing Christ's return.
Angels then flew to them and said that Christ was not coming then, but would be "coming very soon". Saying that God was giving them an "important work" to do, preparing the way before Christ's second coming.
Now, at that time, Herbert was not at all religious and it was only in later years, that Mr. Armstrong came to believe that the vision "really was a message from God. Inafter several business setbacks, Armstrong and family moved to Eugene, Oregon where his parents lived at the time. Armstrong continued in the advertising business despite the setbacks. Emma and her husband O.
Loma became persuaded the Bible taught Sabbath observance on Saturdaythe seventh day, one of the beliefs of that church. As his business was struggling against larger competitors, Armstrong had the time to take up this challenge.
He began what would become a lifelong habit of intensive, lengthy Bible study sessions. He soon felt God was inspiring this, opening his mind to truths that historical Christian churches had not found or accepted.After Ahn Sahng-hong died in Februarya group of people in Church of God Jesus Witnesses including the man Kim Joo-cheol [a] and the woman Zahng Gil-jah wanted to re-introduce the concept of a "spiritual mother", and on 22 March moved from Busan to Seoul.
Two major new doctrines were codified  . A change in religious practice, as reflected in the change of name from "Jesus Witnesses" to "Witnesses of Ahn Sahng-hong", was, that prayers were no longer conducted in the name of Jesus Christ but in the name of Christ Ahn Sahng-hong. AroundWitnesses of Ahn Sahng-hong Church of God had established a non-profit organization titled the Church of God World Mission Society for the purpose of registering and managing the organization's assets.
Inthe church grew to four churches. Inthe church grew to 13 locations and increased to 30 in There was sharp increase of the growth in where it recorded established churches andregistered members in South Korea. The church currently claims "more than branches were established in Korea alone, within a half century after its establishment.
In it recorded over churches abroad and in it recorded over one million registered members  By the church claims to have expanded to 2, churches in "about countries.
A media outlet owned by the Church of God reports to have more than 7, churches in countries. An external account mentions that the number of church members is estimated to have only been aroundincontrary to Kim Joo-cheol's claims. The church believes in God the Father and God the Mother,  claiming to be restoring the truth and practices of the early Church.
The World Mission Society Church of God believes that all of its teachings are based on the Bibleas explained in the numerous books written by Ahn Sahng-hong. The Church believes that Ahn Sahng-hong is the Second Coming of Jesus, who came with a new name, the name of the Holy Spirit and it states that he fulfilled biblical prophecies that only Jesus could have fulfilled. So also, when you see all these things, you know that he is near, at the very gates.
Truly I tell you, this generation will not pass away until all these things have taken place. In addition, the church believed that Elohim Gods created all things in heaven and earth, created men and women in accordance with Gods' image, proving the existence of God in male images and God in female images, and claimed that the bride and Jerusalem represented Mother God Jang Gil-ja. It believes in the Saturday Sabbath according to Genesis but celebrates it not from sunset to sunset but from sunrise to sunset.
Members are encouraged to keep the three services on the Sabbath day. Between services, members participate in various church-related activities such as Bible studies, watching church produced videos, or preaching in the local community.
According to the church's interpretation of Exodusitems such as crosses and statues are considered a form of idolatry and are not erected on or in their churches. The Church believes that all human beings were originally created as angels in Heaven.Historically-speaking, in the former Worldwide Church of God an "evangelist" was a high ranking minister under governance of the Pastor General also acknowledged to be an "apostle"Herbert W.
Armstrong from tothen under Joseph W. Tkachfrom until his death in Higher ranking positions to that of "evangelist" being; "apostle" first and then "prophet" second as stated in Ephesians In the WCG, which was later renamed and is today known as Grace Communion Internationalthe biblical term "evangelist" is no longer used as a ministerial title, although certain denominations with roots in the former WCG organization, such as the Living Church of God and the Philadelphia Church of Godstill use the term.
With the exception of those ordained to the ministerial rank of evangelist while in the employ of the Worldwide Church of God, those who were once members of the WCG but were ordained as evangelists while members of WCG derivative denominations are not included.
Below is a list of ministers ordained to the rank of evangelist in the Worldwide Church of God between and From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Was a minister of the Global Church of God around the time of his death injust prior to that organization splitting. David Albert 19?? Current affiliation is not known. Greg Albrecht present : Ordained by Joseph W. Author of Bad News Religion. Richard Ames 19?? In addition to his ministries, he is a practicing licensed psychologist and marriage counselor.
Because of his intelligence, diplomacy, and graciousness, he became the highest-ranking non-Swiss employee of that Embassy. Indue to doctrinal changes, he left the WCG and became affiliated with the Global Church of God till latewhen that organization split. Thereafter, was with the Living Church of God.
World Mission Society Church of God
Richard D. Armstrong — : Ambassador student body president, ; Ambassador Class of ; ordained by his father, Herbert W. Armstrong on December 20, ; Died as the result of injuries sustained in an automobile crash near San Luis Obispo in ; buried in the family plot at Mountain View Cemetery in Altadena, California.
Stanley Bass :  Second and last African-American to be ordained as an evangelist; fromwas on the English faculty at Ambassador University in Big Sandy.Church of God is a name used by numerous denominational bodies. The largest denomination with this name is the Church of God Cleveland, Tennessee. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
See also: Adventism. See also: Armstrongism. See also: Baptist.
See also: Methodist theology and Holiness movement. See also: Pentecostalism. Disambiguation page providing links to topics that could be referred to by the same search term.
Categories : Disambiguation pages. Hidden categories: Disambiguation pages with short descriptions Short description is different from Wikidata All article disambiguation pages All disambiguation pages. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Disambiguation page providing links to topics that could be referred to by the same search term This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Church of God.
If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.Question: "What is Armstrongism? Is the Worldwide Church of God a cult? Armstrong, which became the teaching of the Worldwide Church of God. These teachings were often at odds with traditional Christian beliefs and at times were explicitly in contradiction to the Bible. This is the belief that modern-day Jews are not the true physical descendants of Israel.
GCI: Roots of the Worldwide Church of God
Armstrong believed that this knowledge was the key factor in understanding the prophetic passages of Scripture and that it was his mission to proclaim this message in preparation for the end times. These beliefs of the Worldwide Church of God were not new and were rooted in an anti-Semitic misinterpretation of Scripture.
We can be sure that all God has said is true and will take place, because of His character and consistency Romans —4. In addition, Armstrong taught that at death one is in a sleep-like state until Jesus returns to earth. There would then be three resurrections.
Herbert W. Armstrong
The first would be of the faithful Christians. Third would be those that had acted in such a way as to be ineligible for the second chance. They, along with the group from the second resurrection that rejected the gospel, would then be punished.
The Worldwide Church of God did not believe in eternal punishment in hell, but rather a complete destruction through fire, i.
The Bible, however, is clear that there are two resurrectionsone to eternal life in heaven for believers and one to eternal damnation for unbelievers Revelation — Armstrong also taught that followers of Christ should remain true to all of the teachings in the Old Testament.
Thus, he held the Sabbath to be holy, and in Jewish tradition the Sabbath was observed from sundown Friday to sundown Saturday. He further believed that the Old Testament festivals such as Passover and the Feast of Tabernacles must be celebrated. The Worldwide Church of God taught that modern Christians should follow the dietary laws and tithe up to 30 percent.
Armstrongism was only one of many salvation-by-works philosophies that look to the keeping of the Old Testament laws as a means of salvation. But the Bible is clear that the opposite is true. Salvation is by faith alone in Christ alone, because the Law saves no one.
Clearly, the philosophies of Armstrongism and the Worldwide Church of God were just that—worldly philosophies that seek to deny the only means of salvation, the exchange at the cross of our sin for the righteousness of Christ 2 Corinthiansand replace it with the Old Testament Law, which Jesus came to fulfill because we could not.
After the death of Hebert W. Armstrong, the Worldwide Church of God began to embrace a more orthodox understanding of the Christian faith. A brief history of the transition from Armstrongism to Grace Communion can be found at www.
Although Grace Communion has come a long way toward biblical doctrine, there are still some serious errors in their theology, such as the teaching that everyone has been reconciled to God and forgiven of sin; that everyone, prior to repentance, possesses the Holy Spirit and is a child of God.
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